Karl Grindal headshot

Karl Grindal

Assistant Professor
Phone: (603) 641-4102
Office: UNHM Security Studies, 88 Commercial Street, Manchester, NH 03101

Dr. Karl Grindal is a policy analyst and information security researcher based in New Hampshire, where he holds an Assistant Professorship in Security Studies at the University of New Hampshire (UNH). Before joining UNH, Dr. Grindal held a Postdoctoral Fellowship with the Georgia Institute of Technology's School of Cybersecurity and Privacy and served as a collaborator with the Internet Governance Project.

Before pursuing his Ph.D., he worked as the Director of Research for Intelligent Cyber Research, LLC, where he developed the Geocyber Risk Index (GCRI), a comparative assessment of the cyber threats of operating a network in different countries in collaboration with the Eurasia Group. Before joining ICR, he provided strategic, policy, and research services as a Senior Analyst at Delta Risk, LLC.

From 2014-2017, Dr. Grindal served as the Executive Director of the Cyber Conflict Studies Association (CCSA), a non-profit dedicated to advancing a research agenda on cyber conflict. Earlier with CCSA, he collaborated with Jason Healey as the Associate Editor to the book A Fierce Domain: Conflict in Cyberspace 1986 to 2012.

Courses Taught

  • CPRM 710/810: Fdn of Cybersecurity Policy
  • CPRM 720/820: Policy Devt & Comms
  • CPRM 820: Policy Devt & Comms
  • CPRM 840: Cybersecurity Standards & Laws
  • CPRM 870: Cybersecurity Risk Management


  • Ph.D., Public Policy Analysis, Georgia Institute of Technology
  • B.A., Government, Wesleyan University
  • MPP, Science & Technology Policy, Georgetown University

Research Interests

  • Cybercrime
  • Cybersecurity
  • National security
  • Public policy
  • Telecommunications Policy

Selected Publications

  • Mueller, M., & Grindal, K. (2022). Information as Power: Evolving US Military Information Operations. Cyber Defense Review, 7(2), 79-98. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/48669288

  • Grindal, K. (2022). Artist Collectives as the Origins of DDoS the Strano Network and Electronic Disturbance Theater. IEEE ANNALS OF THE HISTORY OF COMPUTING, 44(3), 30-42. doi:10.1109/MAHC.2022.3192029

  • Grindal, K. (2019). Trade regimes as a tool for cyber policy. DIGITAL POLICY REGULATION AND GOVERNANCE, 21(1), 19-31. doi:10.1108/DPRG-08-2018-0042

  • Mueller, M., & Grindal, K. (2019). Data flows and the digital economy: information as a mobile factor of production. DIGITAL POLICY REGULATION AND GOVERNANCE, 21(1), 71-87. doi:10.1108/DPRG-08-2018-0044

  • Mueller, M., Grindal, K., Kuerbis, B., & Badiei, F. (2019). Cyber Attribution: Can a New Institution Achieve Transnational Credibility?. The Cyber Defense Review, 4(1), 107-122. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/26623070

  • Mueller, M. (n.d.). Is It “Trade?” Data Flows and the Digital Economy. SSRN Electronic Journal. doi:10.2139/ssrn.3137819

  • Most Cited Publications